The railway's green cultural heritage
Swedish Railway Museum is collaborating with the National Transport Administration and the University of Gothenburg in a four-year project entitled Järnvägens gröna kulturarv [The Railway's Green Cultural Heritage]. When the railways began to be constructed in Sweden, from the mid-1800s, parks and gardens were decorative, useful and protective as part of the new transport system. The planting of parks and gardens along the country's railway lines was extensive for over a hundred years and did not stop until the 1970s.
The aim of the research project is to investigate how and why state and private railways' planting activities came about, were organised, and ultimately dismantled. The objective is to build up a picture of the planting activities and the reasons why they were carried on. Knowledge of what the planting operations looked like and how they characterised the railway environments, will give us greater possibilities for long-term sustainable maintenance of railway environments. The final results from the project are planned to be published in spring 2020.
Research on paint in railway environments
Based on Swedish Railway Museum's restoration work, the Craft Laboratory at the University of Gothenburg, Station Ormaryd AB and the National Transport Administration are conducting a research project that will run from 2016 to 2020. The aim of the project is to recreate forgotten historical knowledge about the paint systems that were used in railway environments between 1860 and 1960 through interdisciplinary collaboration. Regaining knowledge of what painting materials were used and how they were manufactured, introduced and used will give us a better basis for our long-term sustainable and adapted preservation of railway environments. Measures can be applied taking technological, economic, cultural and environmental aspects into consideration to a greater degree. This will allow us to reduce negative impact on natural and cultural values in authentic restoration and presentation of rail vehicles and buildings. The types of paint also mean possible new ways of working and materials for sustainable construction.